|four zones after WW2 - picture from Wikipedia|
The Berlin Wall, Berliner Mauer in German, separated the city of Berlin in Germany from 1961 to 1989. It separated the eastern half from the western half. For manay it was a symbol of the Cold War. The Berlin Wall was about 168 km (104 miles) long.It was built to prevent people from escaping from the eastern half of Berlin.
After the WW2 ended Germany was divided into four zones, one for each of the main Allied countries: France, United Kingdom, the USA and the Soviet Union. Berlin, its capital, was also divided into 4 zones even though it was inside the Soviet zone.
In 1949 the British, French and American zones became the Federal Republic of Germany or West Germany and the Soviet part became the German Democratic Republic. As Germans living in the Soviet part of the city tried to escape a wall was built, the Berlin Wall.
|Berlin Wall - picture from Wikipedia|
The German Democratic Republic was isolated from the rest of the country and it had a communist regime. In the 1980s eastern, communist countries faced collapse and the opposition of people. In October 1989 mass demonstrations against the government in East Germany began.
Eventually, the Berlin Wall was taken down on November 9, 1989.